10 Unique Cultures in Indonesia

10 Unique Cultures in Indonesia

1. Ritual Tiwah

The first unique culture is called Tiwah Ritual, a kind of ceremony to deliver the bones of the deceased to its final resting place, which is sandung, in the hope that the one who is preached reaches heaven. This ritual is done by the Dayak tribe of Central Kalimantan, especially those who embrace the trust of Kaharingan or Hindu Kaharingan.

Tradisinya, people who died buried temporarily until tiwah held, then the body was dismantled and burned until really only the rest of the bones alone. Other events were held in the midst of tiwah rituals such as dancing, singing typical Dayak tribe, slaughtering sacrificial animals to install songs, not infrequently dangdut songs heard to relieve drowsiness. For the Dayak community, tiwah ritual is considered a sacred ritual but along with the time of tiwah tradition has shifted era, because the victim's family is unable to perform tiwah ritual, another factor is predicted most of dayak tribe to convert.

2. Kebo-keboan

The next unique culture will be found in Banyuwangi, especially Alasmalang and Aliyan villages. This ritual is thought to have existed since the 18th century, and is usually held on the 1-10th of the month shura. The goal is to ask for rain in the middle of the dry season.

The ceremony is usually held on Sundays. As the name implies, this ritual usually dresses people into a kebo. The majority who participate must be men, but that does not mean women just sit still, usually the women have the task to prepare food and offerings of cone, squeeze, water jug, kinang, chicken ingkung, various jenang, cake, hoe, banana, rice , bargaining pitung, head, and seeds of rice plants. It is believed to save several streets in krajan hamlet.

Accompanied by traditional music, the kebo-keboan began to plow the rice fields competing like a genuine buffalo, and could just assault the audience, not infrequently these keboan trance and become wild. Be careful ya watch it not close.

3. Mapasilaga Tedong

a culture known as Mapasilaga Tedong is a bullring culture. Bull fellow fights are not human. This tradition is carried on from generation to generation in Tana Toraja. This tradition is held only in honor of the ancestors alone, the buffalo who pitted was not arbitrary, the public buffalo buffalo bought to fight. Pretty expensive for this type of buffalo.

Uniquely, before the fight is usually buffalo-buffalo will be given wine by the bearers of the gong. The rules of the toys, buffalo who ran off the field or who often fell will be considered defeated. After that, entering the procession of cutting buffalo heads that only swing a single slash.

4. Pasola

Pasola means the wooden javelin used to throw, "pa" from pasola is the word affix. Pasola means throwing a javelin wood while spurring a horse. This tradition is done by the people of Sumba, NTT. usually held once every year precisely in February.

Pasola is like a war game, his genealogy as a form of sorrow of someone who has lost his wife.

The ceremonial procession begins with the nyale tradition, in the form of thanksgiving with the coming of harvest season and the arrival of many worms along the coast. Worms were made a sign, if the worm is fat colorful it will get good, and otherwise it will be disastrous. With the arrival of these worms, pasola process will begin. Some people like knights will participate enliven this tradition with their horses, the spear is used in the form of a blunt, though not infrequently this ceremony takes casualties, but it is believed the blood of the efficacious victim fertilizes the soil


Dugderan is a typical cultural tradition of Semarang that has been held since 1881, where dugderan is one way to devote their longing in the month of Ramadan or the month of a thousand blessings. Usually this tradition is held 1-2 weeks before the month of Ramadan. This tradition usually begins with the people's market. Then it will be continued with a dugderan event that begins with a carnival event consisting of Red-and-White troops, rows of students, rows of princess flowers, various ornamental cars, horse riding, Drump Band.

6. Tabuik

This unique culture is organized by the people of Minangkabau, West Sumatra. Aiming to commemorate Asyura, the death of Imam Husayn a grandson of Prophet Muhammad SAW. Usually recalled on the 10th of Muharram on the annual calendar. Tabuik word is taken from Arabic with the word "ark" means wooden casket. Based on legend, there appears the appearance of a horse-shaped beast like vegasus but head-shaped human head. This ritual has been in existence since 1826 - 1828, but still nuanced indigenous India, and in 1910 there was an agreement to mix the custom Tabuik with Minangkabau customs until finally like now.

This festival is considered to bring blessings, made a giant tabuik where parts of the statue have meaning. The bottom of the tabuik is considered the embodiment of the urak, burak and the coffin symbolizes the burak that picks up the body of Hussein bin Ali.

7. Makepung

Makepung means the Racing of Buffalo, this tradition is done only for the Balinese masyarat only, according to the Balinese animals buffalo animals are sacred animals. Initially this tradition was done only to plow the fields only. But over time, this tradition is much in demand even become one of the traditions that attract many foreign tourists, to be considered an annual tradition in Bali.

This tradition began in the 1970s, but has undergone changes in terms of rules and completeness as well, for example if the old buffalo used one, now can use 3 buffalo, big jokinya first, now should be smaller. Not often buffalo-buffalo to be contested decorated to be more beautiful and pleasing to the eye. The rules of the game, the length of the racenya arena measuring 1-2 km, the winner did not see the first to the finish line, but the jockey who can swing the direction straight and straight (not stagger). Any other rules, if the first and second people who reach the finish line of less than 10 meters, is considered the second person to be a winner. Strange indeed, but the tradition is like that.

8. Debus

Who does not know the attraction debus? Debus is one of the martial arts originated from Banten, this martial action is believed to have existed since the 16th century, but at that time Debus is an art of the combination of sound and dance. This attraction began to flourish in the 18th century. The game show was very diverse, start piercing the stomach with sharp objects, slicing the body with a knife, piercing the tongue, burning themselves with fire, and others. Debus is identical with the science of immunity, not strange, if this martial arts make the heart berdekup hard, not because of the groggy factor but the attraction is very scary-looking. If you want to learn debus, think long ago deh. The reason, if you want to learn this martial art, if you care little you have to risk your life.

9. Karapan sapi

Karapan Cow is a culture that has become a tradition to raise one's social status. Moreover, the city of Madura has a dry land that makes people move from the profession of farming to become a fisherman. Speaking of fishermen's profession, Madurese people make use of the income from sea water to produce quality salt, making Madura city known as the biggest salt income in Indonesia.

Back to the Madurese community culture, almost similar to Makepung, the difference tracks only 100 meters track, the rules of the game was not like Makepung. Here's who's fast on the finals line, that's what wins. You can see this show every August or September every year in Kota Karesidenan.

10. Kasada

Kasada is a ritual performed by the people of Bromo, which took place on the 14th day of the month of Kasada. The ceremony is in the form of worship offerings to Sang Hyang Widhi as a form of gratitude for health and abundant crops.

History, it is said that there are couple who are not gifted by children, until one day they are meditation or meditation and meditate on Sang Hyang Widhi, instantly heard the occult voice saying will grant their request with the condition of the youngest child should be sacrificed to the crater of Mount Bromo.

But what can be said, after the couple was blessed with 25 children. Naruni parents, do not have the heart to sacrifice their children even if only the youngest child. Then Sang Hyang Widhi wrath until finally the night comes, in the midst of wrath Sang Hyang Widhi there is a call where he must give the offerings day 14 to Sang Hyang Widhi in the crater of Mount Bromo.

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